Uterine pathology

Malformations in the anatomy of the uterus or the presence of various benign pathologies (polyps, adenomyosis, myomas, etc.) can be the cause of implantation failures and recurrent miscarriages, as well as premature births.

At Tambre we have a Uterine Pathology Unit specialising in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that prevent implantation and pregnancy progression.

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Uterine pathologies that cause infertility

Within the reproductive process, the uterus is a fundamental organ because it is involved in three key issues: the transport of sperm to the fallopian tubes to meet the egg, the implantation of the embryo in the endometrium (which is the inner layer of the uterus) and the development and nourishment of the embryo.

This is why, when there is a uterine pathology or a congenital malformation of the uterus, it is the reason for implantation failures, recurrent miscarriages and even premature births. Hence the importance of detecting, diagnosing and treating uterine pathologies to facilitate pregnancy, either naturally or through assisted reproduction.

The main uterine pathologies involving fertility problems are:

These are non-cancerous growths in the wall of the uterus. If their size and location interfere with the implantation of the fertilised egg or block the fallopian tubes, they may need to be removed.

These are benign growths that develop in the lining of the uterus. They are usually harmless, but can also interfere with embryo implantation or make conception difficult.

These are adhesions or scars that form inside the uterus, often as a result of previous uterine surgery, such as curettage or caesarean section.


This is a pathology similar to endometriosis, but the abnormal tissue growth is in the wall of the uterine muscle.

They can interfere with fertility in different ways, such as obstructing the passage of sperm into the fallopian tubes, hindering embryo implantation, or increasing the risk of miscarriage due to an unsuitable uterine environment.


An inflammation of the cervix is usually caused by bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic infection. This pathology can affect fertility because it alters the consistency and quality of the cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to pass into the uterus, and it can also damage the cervical tissue, forming scarring or fibrous tissue that hinders embryo implantation.

Personalised Diagnosis

At Tambre we can provide you with a personalised diagnosis of uterine pathology at your first visit.

Personalised diagnosis of uterine pathology on your first visit

The assessment and diagnosis of uterine pathology requires a multidisciplinary approach and the use of imaging techniques.

Understanding how the menstrual cycle influences uterine morphology and using the right equipment at the right time is crucial to ensure an accurate diagnosis and offer the most appropriate and effective treatment.

Proliferative or postmenstrual phase

During this phase, pathologies such as uterine polyps or uterine fibroids may be more visible to detect.


Preovulatory phase

Just before ovulation, it is easier to observe changes in endometrial morphology.


Secretory or post-ovulatory phase

Adenomyosis or pathologies affecting the morphology of the uterus may be more evident in this phase.


At Tambre we specialise in Advanced Reproductive Medicine.

We have high-resolution 3D ultrasound scanners that allow us to better diagnose uterine pathology.

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The 3D ultrasound scan we perform during your first visit to Tambre, together with the other basic diagnostic tests, enables our specialists to make an initial diagnosis during your first consultation.

Depending on these initial conclusions, your medical team may order other complementary tests such as diagnostic hysteroscopy. At Tambre we only perform this test if it is necessary to take biopsies or as a treatment (surgical hysteroscopy) for polypectomy, myomectomy or metroplasty.

This means we avoid performing surgery to diagnose uterine pathology. Thanks to technological advances, especially in ultrasound, and the experience of our gynaecologists, at Tambre we can diagnose uterine pathology more quickly and easily, avoiding unnecessary surgery.

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How to treat uterine pathologies

At Tambre we use different techniques to ensure that the uterus is in perfect condition before embryo transfer.

Surgical hysteroscopy

This is a minimally invasive surgery that allows us to remove polyps, myomas, adenomyomas, etc. and even correct certain uterine malformations that may be causing implantation failure and repeated miscarriages.

Endometrial PRP

When repeated implantation failures occur or there is a diagnosis of refractory endometrium and, therefore, there is not an adequate response to endometrial preparation, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) helps us to achieve the desired endometrial thickness for embryo transfer.

Specialists in Advanced Reproductive Medicine

We are pioneers in assisted reproduction in Spain and Europe. 45 years of medical excellence.

Plus, we design tailor-made treatments.

  • You will have your own gynaecologist and nurse, except for emergencies, and the same medical team will follow your case in depth and attend you from the beginning to the end of the treatment.
  • You will have a consultant from our Specialised Tambre Care team who will support you and answer any question you may have throughout the whole process.

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